Windgrinder of Mártély  – Hódmezővásárhely, Homestead Museum of Kopáncs


Mártély and its farmsteads became part of Hódmezővásárhely in 1882, and as the number of farms steadily increased in the 19th century, the growing grain production required more and more mills. By the 1880s, 6 windmills had been grinding among the farms of Mártély, but by the early 20th century, they were no longer in operation. Subsequently, the population of the farmsteads built small windmills – which they called wind grinders – out of wood, by their farmstead for their own use. Two brothers-in-law, Sándor Nagy and Sándor Hegedüs, built the first two such structures in 1918-19. They got the idea from the small Russian windmills they had seen on the Galician front during World War I and built them near their homes. Because of the need and ease of handling of the wind grinders, between the two world wars 18 to 20 wind grinders were built in the area, some of which were still operating in the 1980s. The windmill presented here was built in 1919 by farmer Sándor Nagy.


In 1975 the wind grinder was moved from its original location, Mártély, next to the Nagy Homestead to the Homestead Museum of Kopáncs, and from there it was transferred to the Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park. In 2019, the original 100-year-old structure will be restored to the outskirts of Hódmezővásárhely, to the Homestead Museum of Kopáncs, and an exact replica has been erected in the Heritage Park.