Windmill of Szentes-donát – Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park


Szentes was famous for its windmills at the end of the 19th century, most of which disappeared at the beginning of the 20th century, with some surviving only on the periphery. The windmill built by farmer János Csúcs in the Donát boundary region in 1866-67 was the only mill classified as a protected monument in 1954; it stood at its original site until 1979 when it was decided to relocate it to the Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park, thus it was disassembled and removed. The rebuilt windmill opened in the open air museum in 1988. The structure of the mill was completely restored. The Szentes windmill is a typical representative of the overdrift windmill type of the Southern Great Plain.


Walled Windgrinder of Mindszent – Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park

In the countryside between Hódmezővásárhely and Szentes, the inhabitants began to build wind grinders after World War I. These grinders were easy-to-use and easy to assemble, thus the locals were not forced to transport their produce too far. The walled grinder of Mindszent was built in 1938 by a local millwright, dismantled in 1980 and relocated to the Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park.


Trundled Paprika Grinder of Röszke- Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park

Paprika production began in the 19th century in the region of Szeged. The peppers were first ground in ship and water mills and later also in windmills. A peculiar structure in the yard of the Szeged homestead under the lean-to shed is the paprika grinder, which can also be called a paprika mill. It is a homemade grinder that worked like a dry mill. Its two beams were driven by horse and the beams were joined to a transmission gear, which trundles an axle rotating in a groove. It was probably made in the 1930s. Like windgrinders, this structure is also a powerful demonstration of the adaptability and technical ingenuity of the farming peasantry.


Windgrinder of Mártély (exact replica)  – Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park


In 1975 the wind grinder was moved from its original location, Mártély, next to the Nagy Homestead to the Homestead Museum of Kopáncs, and from there it was transferred to the Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park. In 2019, the original 100-year-old structure will be restored to the outskirts of Hódmezővásárhely, to the Homestead Museum of Kopáncs, and an exact replica has been erected in the Heritage Park.